Most private fund managers and registered investment advisers who advise funds based in the United States will be affected by the revisions to the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 contained in the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, passed in July 2010. The major impact will be felt by funds, fund managers and advisers in the form of new registration requirements and different, more highly defined, exemptions from registration. Dodd-Frank also mandates increased compliance obligations for those required to register, enhanced record-keeping requirements for both registered and exempt managers and funds, and, in some cases, a requirement to file reports detailing information necessary to assess systemic risks.
The most direct impact of Dodd-Frank is the elimination of the exemption for registration for an investment adviser with “fewer than fifteen” clients. This broad stroke eliminates the basis upon which hedge fund managers have traditionally been exempt from investment adviser registration. In place of the “fewer than fifteen” client exemption, Dodd-Frank carves out exemptions for investment advisers based upon either assets under management or the type of fund advised.
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